Crossover Youth Practice Model
In 2010, CJJR developed the Crossover Youth Practice Model (CYPM) to address the unique needs of youth that are at risk of or are fluctuating between the child welfare and juvenile justice systems. These youth are commonly referred to as “crossover youth.”
The Crossover Youth Practice Model is a nexus between research and best practices (learned from the Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare Integration Breakthrough Series Collaborative) that outlines systemic changes youth serving systems can make to improve their ability to serve youth.
The CYPM has four overarching goals:
- Reduction in the number of youth crossing over and becoming dually-involved;
- Reduction in the number of youth placed in out-of-home care;
- Reduction in the use of congregate care; and
- Reduction in the disproportionate representation of youth of color, particularly in the crossover population
Implementing the Practice Model
Implementing the Practice Model
CJJR provides on-site technical The Center for Juvenile Justice Reform provides on-site training and technical assistance to communities implementing the Model. Through implementation, jurisdictions will strengthen their organizational structure and develop or improve practices that have an impact on the day-to-day experiences of youth who have crossed over or are at risk of crossing over..
Training and Technical assistance includes:
- A Gap Analysis of the jurisdiction’s current ability to support crossover youth
- Training on the Practice Model, including a review of the academic research and independent data showing the effectiveness of the Model
- The development of a work plan to structure the technical assistance activities
- Support in the creation of new policies and procedures,(i.e. crossover protocol manual) related to the implementation of the Model
- An evaluation package to measure the effectiveness of the model in the jurisdiction
- Peer-to-peer learning opportunities with other sites in the CYPM network
Data collection is an important component of the model. The CYPM emphasizes the importance of developing cross-systems data capacity and the need to use good data to make program and policy decisions.
Tailored to the needs of each participating jurisdiction, the implementation of the model ensures that practices are consistent for all youth within a system and resources are shared between the systems to maximize their impact. This will include but is not limited to the following practices: creating a process for identifying youth at the point of crossing over, ensuring that workers are exchanging information in a timely manner, ensuring that foster care bias is not occurring at the point of detention or disposition, and maximizing the services utilized by each system to prevent crossover from occurring.
Santa Cruz Co.
Los Angeles Co.
San Diego Co.
Rio Grande Co.
New London Co.
Prince George’s Co.
New York Co.
El Paso Co.
Senior Program Manager, CJJR
Research Associate, CJJR
Senior Research Fellow, CJJR
Consultant/Professor, Cal State Dominguez Hills
Project Coordinator, CJJR
Leslie Ann Hay
Dir., Cal State LA School of Criminal Justice & Criminalistics
Dep. Asst. Dir., Child, Adult, & Family Services, Dept. of Social Services, P.G. Co., MD
Exec. Dir., Alcohol, Drug Addiction & Mental Health Services Board, Montgomery Co., OH
Senior Director, Casey Family Programs
Senior Research Fellow, CJJR
The following are the overall goals for the sites participating in the Crossover Youth Practice Model:
- A reduction in the number of youth placed in out-of-home care
- A reduction in the use of congregate care
- A reduction in the disproportionate representation of children of color
- A reduction in the number of youth crossing over and becoming dually-involved
In an effort to achieve the overall goals of the Crossover Youth Practice Model, the following process and practice measures have been developed:
- A reduction in the number of youth re-entering child welfare from juvenile justice placements
- A reduction in the penetration of juvenile justice by foster youth
- A reduction in the use of out-of-home placements
- A reduction in the use of congregate care as a placement
- A reduction in the use of pre-adjudication detention
- A reduction in the rate of recidivism
- An increase in the use of inter-agency information sharing
- An increase in the inclusion of family voice in decision making
- An increase in youth and parent satisfaction with the process
- An increase in the use of joint assessment
The video, “Prince George’s County CYPM Implementation,” captures the voices of members of the Prince George’s County, MD Crossover Youth Practice Model (CYPM) team as they discuss their roles in institutionalizing this system change process for the benefit of crossover youth in their community. Watch now!
Prince George’s County, Maryland CYPM Implementation Team
- Honorable Sheila Tillerson Adams, Administrative Judge
- Honorable Cathy Serrette, Family Division Coordinating Judge
- Honorable Larnzell Martin, Jr, Model Court Judge
- Kristin Hileman-Adams, Family Magistrate
- Althea Jones, Family Magistrate
- Yvonne Robinson, Chief of the Juvenile Division
- Milton McIver, Attorney, Office of Law
- Patricia Waldman, Attorney, Legal Aid
- Walter Jackson, Deputy Assistant Director for Child, Adult and Family Services, Department of Social Services
- Stacy Reid Swain, Assistant Director for Child, Adult and Family Services, Department of Social Services
- Ken Wardlaw, Attorney, Office of the Public Defender
- Evan Wilson, Attorney, Office of the Public Defender
- Kwabena Tuffour, Assistant Regional Director, Department of Juvenile Services
- Kayla Pierce, Assistant Regional Director, Department of Juvenile Services
“The CYPM initiative in our community has served as a great tool in working with youth in the Dallas area. The initiative has opened lines of communication which previously have been limited or almost nonexistent, with our local CPS community partner. Not only has the communication improved tremendously, but quality and substantive dialogue has been achieved when working cases of youth involved in both systems. In addition, this dialogue has also afforded the opportunity for the respective agencies to truly understand the goals and objectives guiding the daily decisions when working with youth. We are still working to enhance this initiative here locally, and have already incorporated specialized case management staff, as we move forward to implement other processes and protocols that the CYPM brings. To this point, everything coming from our CYPM commitment and involvement has been positive and we truly look forward to us incorporating more of the model in our community.”